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Engineering Culture and Retention: Keys to Building a Successful Team

Engineering is an ever-evolving discipline, and with every innovation and discovery, our understanding of engineering culture changes. The way we build things is highly influenced by our engineering culture, making it essential for job seekers to understand its intricacies.

The stark difference between engineering cultures of different companies has made it more crucial than ever to ask the proper questions about the development process, specific technologies, and how they strike a balance between pragmatism and experimentation. What is Engineering Culture?

Engineering culture is the set of values, norms, and practices that define how engineers develop and deliver high-quality products and services. Most companies have their unique engineering culture that reflects their distinct organizational structure, product technology focus, and industry vertical.

The engineering culture of a company plays a critical role in determining how it attracts, retains, and motivates employees.

The Importance of Engineering Culture in Job Search

For job seekers, understanding the engineering culture of a company is essential. Different companies have different ways of approaching engineering, and candidates must find the right culture fit with their working style.

Otherwise, they may feel out of place or disengaged while producing subpar workmanship. Some companies emphasize fast development cycles and quick deployments, valuing speed and agility over rigor and process.

Others focus on engineering excellence, implementing strict processes, and investing heavily in tooling to ensure high-quality output. Candidates must ask relevant questions to understand how the company approaches its engineering culture.

These questions might be about planning, accountability, standups, automated testing, code reviews, version control, continuous integration, product demos, and deployment.

Questions to Ask about Development Process

Planning: Does the company have a well-defined planning process? How often are plans reviewed and updated?

How does the company balance short-term and long-term goals? Accountability: How does the company ensure that responsible parties are held accountable for the success or failure of a project?

Are metrics used to measure performance? Standups: Does the company have daily standup meetings?

What kind of information is shared during these meetings? How are issues resolved?

Automated Testing: Does the company have an automated testing process in place? What percentage of tests are automated?

How does the company handle test failures? Code Reviews: How does the company ensure that code is reviewed thoroughly?

What kind of feedback is given during a code review? How do reviewers ensure that best practices are followed?

Version Control: Does the company use version control? How are code branches managed?

Does the company have a branching strategy? Continuous Integration: How does the company handle code integration?

How frequently are code changes integrated? Are there any automated processes in place to handle integration?

Product Demos: Does the company have a process for product demos? How often are demos held?

Who participates in the demos? Deployment: How does the company handle deploying code changes to production environments?

Does the company use canary deployments or blue-green deployments?

Technology in Engineering Culture

Good engineering culture balances pragmatism and experimentation. Engineering culture shapes how companies approach open-source software, technical debt, automation, bug reporting, and product architecture.

Balancing Pragmatism and Experimentation

Most software development involves a balance between pragmatism and experimentation. Pragmatism involves using proven tools, technologies, and techniques to ensure reliable and high-quality output.

Experimentation, on the other hand, involves trying out new ideas, technologies, and techniques to improve the product and the process. A company with an excellent engineering culture balances pragmatism and experimentation effectively.

They use established technologies and processes to ensure quality and reliability, while also experimenting with new technologies and techniques to achieve innovative results.

Questions to Ask about Specific Technology

Open Source Software: Does the company use open-source software? If yes, what is their process for selecting open-source software?

How does the company ensure that open-source software is secure and reliable? Technical Debt: Does the company have a process for managing technical debt?

How does the company ensure that technical debt is reduced over time? Automation: Does the company use automation to improve the development process?

What kind of automation is used? How is automation maintained over time?

Bug Reporting: Does the company have a well-defined bug reporting process? How are bugs prioritized and resolved?

How does the company handle critical or high-priority bugs? Product Architecture: Does the company have a well-defined product architecture?

How is the product architecture documented? How does the company ensure that the product architecture remains scalable, maintainable, and future-proof?


Engineering culture is an essential aspect of a company’s approach to product development. A company’s engineering culture can greatly influence its success or failure in delivering high-quality and innovative products.

For job seekers, understanding the engineering culture of a company is crucial to finding a good cultural fit. Candidates should ask the right questions about the development process and specific technologies to gain insight into a company’s engineering culture.

Engineering culture is constantly changing, and companies that successfully balance pragmatism and experimentation are often the ones that achieve the most significant product innovations.

Retaining Great Engineers

Employee retention is essential to the success of a company, and for engineering teams, this is especially significant. Losing top engineering talent can be detrimental to a company’s product development and innovation.

To retain great engineers, companies must focus on ensuring a positive employee experience from the hiring process to onboarding, and throughout their tenure with the company.

Hiring Process

The hiring process can significantly impact employee retention, and it plays a vital role in setting expectations for new hires. During the interview process, it is crucial for hiring managers to communicate the companys expectations and culture.

Candidates should understand the company’s values, goals, and work-life balance.


Onboarding is the first opportunity for a new employee to become acclimated to the company culture and understand their role. A good onboarding program should provide new hires with a clear understanding of the company’s values, mission, and objectives.

Additionally, they should be familiarized with the company’s tools and processes, so they can start contributing to the team as quickly as possible.


Providing ongoing training and education is vital to ensure that engineers stay up-to-date with the latest technologies and best practices. Engineers who feel they are learning and growing are more likely to stay with a company long-term.


Creating a culture of diversity and inclusion can help boost employee retention. Employees who feel valued and included are more likely to stay with a company.

To achieve this, a company must create an environment that respects and values differences and celebrates them.

Importance of Performance Reviews

Performance reviews are a crucial component of a company’s retention strategy. They provide employees with feedback on their performance and areas for improvement.

The feedback that employees receive during performance reviews can help motivate and encourage them to grow and improve their skills.

Employee Turnover

High levels of employee turnover can be a serious issue for engineering teams. When engineers leave, their knowledge and expertise leave with them, leading to a loss of institutional knowledge.

Additionally, high turnover rates can contribute to low morale and burnout among remaining employees.


Burnout is a common reason why engineers leave their jobs.

Burnout can be caused by a lack of work-life balance, unreasonable demands, or unrealistic expectations.

Performance reviews can help managers identify employees who may be at risk of burnout and develop strategies to mitigate it before it impacts employee retention.

Unreliable Products

High turnover rates can also impact the quality of a company’s products. When engineers are frequently leaving, it can lead to delayed projects or poorly executed products, which can lead to customer dissatisfaction.

Performance Review Best Practices

To ensure that performance reviews are effective, there are a few best practices that companies should follow:

– Schedule performance reviews regularly, either quarterly, bi-annually, or annually. – Establish clear performance metrics for employees to meet.

– Offer feedback that is constructive and actionable. – Encourage an open dialogue where employees can provide feedback to managers.

– Use performance reviews as an opportunity to develop a career path for employees. In conclusion, retaining great engineers is a critical aspect of a company’s success, and it all begins with a positive employee experience.

From the hiring process to performance reviews, companies should focus on creating an environment that values and respects its employees to ensure that they are motivated, engaged, and feel supported. Engineering culture plays a vital role in a company’s approach to product development, but it is equally important to retain great engineers to ensure the successful execution of product ideas.

Hiring new engineers through a well-defined hiring process and providing effective training, onboarding, and promoting diversity are key steps in creating a positive employee experience. Additionally, performance reviews serve as an excellent tool to assess an employee’s progress and provide constructive feedback, reducing employee turnover and burnout.

By focusing on retaining great engineers, companies can improve employee satisfaction, product quality and ensure higher customer satisfaction. Engineering teams that create a supportive and engaging work environment can attract and retain top talent, ultimately transforming the company’s success and market position.

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